EFECTOS PSICOLÓGICOS DEL CONFINAMIENTO POR PANDEMIA DE COVID-19 EN UNA MUESTRA EN TRATAMIENTO DE ADICCIONES EN ESPAÑA

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v22i1.712

Palabras clave:

Estrés Percibido, Estrategias de afrontamiento, Regulación emocional, Impacto del Confinamiento, Malestar Psicológico, COVID-19

Resumen

Objetivos: Describir, comparar e identificar la relación entre estrés percibido, estrategias de afrontamiento y regu­lación emocional, impacto del confinamiento, malestar psicológico, desesperanza y suicidalidad. Método: Adminis­tración online de los cuestionarios PSS, COPE, ERQ, IES-R, SCL-90-R, BHS y Escala de suicidio de Okasha a 35 adultos en tratamiento de adicciones, 24 hombres (68.67%) y 11 mujeres (31.43%), con edades entre 24 a 61 años (media = 42.8; D.E.= 10.1) seleccionados mediante muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. Resultados: Se presentan puntuaciones altas en las estrategias dirigidas a la regulación emocional, puntuaciones medias en estrategias de afrontamiento pasivas y desesperanza, y puntuaciones bajas en las demás variables. Existen diferencias por género, nivel educativo, grupo de convivientes y tipo de recurso de tratamiento. El primer modelo multivariado incluye aso­ciación positiva del estrés percibido con ansiedad y tratamiento en Unidad de desintoxicación, y asociación negativa con ansiedad fóbica. El segundo modelo incluye asociaciones positivas del impacto del evento con planificación, abandono de esfuerzos, crecimiento personal y desesperanza, y relación negativa con reinterpretación positiva. Conclusiones: Aunque el confinamiento ha incrementado las conductas adictivas a nivel mundial, recibir apoyo psicoterapéutico es un factor protector en salud mental.

Citas

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2022-02-28

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Bedoya Cardona, E. Y., Hansen-Rodríguez, G., & Molina-Fernández, A. (2022). EFECTOS PSICOLÓGICOS DEL CONFINAMIENTO POR PANDEMIA DE COVID-19 EN UNA MUESTRA EN TRATAMIENTO DE ADICCIONES EN ESPAÑA. Health and Addictions/Salud Y Drogas, 22(1), 288–303. https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v22i1.712

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