Necesidades de Reingreso Dentro de una Población con Trastornos Concurrentes de Uso de Opioides y de Salud Mental en Cárceles de Massachusetts, EEUU: Parte de un Plan para Abordar la Epidemia de Opioides

Autores/as

  • Camilo University of Massachusetts, Medical School https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0385-1666
  • Paige M. Shaffer University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6520-1044
  • Ayorkor Gaba University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School
  • Dara Drawbridge University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School
  • David Smelson University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v22i2.696

Palabras clave:

Adicción, Justicia Criminal, Salud Mental, Trastornos Concurrentes, Trastorno por Consumo de Opioides

Resumen

Introducción. Estudios demuestran que el período después de que un individuo con desorden de uso de opioides sale de la cárcel es un período vulnerable. Poco se sabe sobre cuáles son las necesidades para personas que salen de la cárcel y tienen desórdenes concurrentes de salud mental y uso de opioides (COD). Objetivos. Describir las necesidades que presentan las personas con COD dentro de las dos semanas después de ser liberados de la cárcel. Metodología. Data de 155 individuos con COD fue recolectada dentro de las dos semanas posteriores a la liberación en 9 cárceles en Massachusetts. Se hicieron análisis univariados para determinar las necesidades. Resultados. La mayoría de los participantes eran hombres (78.7%), blancos (64.5%), y no hispanos (75.5%). Las necesidades más relevantes eran empleo (88.4% estaban desempleados), prevención de uso de opioides (67.7% dijeron haber tenido una sobredosis no mortal), salud mental (los participantes reportaron ansiedad o tensión un promedio de 8.9 días en los últimos 30 días) y apoyo sobre trauma (71.6% reportaron por lo menos una experiencia traumática en la vida). Conclusiones. Individuos con COD que están reingresando a sus comunidades presentan necesidades críticas que deben ser tratadas de forma rápida.

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Publicado

2022-07-29

Cómo citar

Posada Rodríguez, C., Shaffer, P. M., Gaba, A., Drawbridge, D., & Smelson, D. (2022). Necesidades de Reingreso Dentro de una Población con Trastornos Concurrentes de Uso de Opioides y de Salud Mental en Cárceles de Massachusetts, EEUU: Parte de un Plan para Abordar la Epidemia de Opioides. Health and Addictions/Salud Y Drogas, 22(2), 244–254. https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v22i2.696

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