PATRONES DE POLICONSUMO SIMULTÁNEO DE SUSTANCIAS: EFECTOS POSITIVOS Y NEGATIVOS EXPERIMENTADOS Y ESTRATEGIAS DE REDUCCIÓN DE DAÑOS EMPLEADAS

Autores/as

  • Belen del Valle Vera Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Córdoba, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, IIPSI, UNC-CONICET. Córdoba, Argentina. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7840-9493
  • Emilia Musso Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Córdoba, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, IIPSI, UNC-CONICET. Córdoba, Argentina. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4204-4496
  • Florencia Caneto Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Córdoba, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, IIPSI, UNC-CONICET. Córdoba, Argentina. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9249-6573
  • Juan Carlos Godoy Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Córdoba, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, IIPSI, UNC-CONICET. Córdoba, Argentina. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1622-1647
  • Fermín Fernández Calderón Departamento de Psicología Clínica y Experimental, Universidad de Huelva, Huelva, España. Centro de investigación en Recursos Naturales, Salud y Medio Ambiente, Universidad de Huelva, Huelva, España. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2981-1670

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v22i1.687

Palabras clave:

policonsumo simultáneo de sustancias, efectos positivos, efectos negativos, estrategias de reducción de daños, fiestas de música electrónica

Resumen

Introducción: Aunque el policonsumo simultáneo de sustancias (PSS) ha sido asociado a más daños que el policon­sumo concurrente, la mayoría de los estudios sobre policonsumo, efectos percibidos y estrategias de reducción de daños empleadas, han analizado el policonsumo concurrente. Objetivo: Determinar el patrón de PSS a partir del reporte de las sustancias consumidas simultáneamente, y examinar los efectos positivos y negativos percibidos y las estrategias de reducción de daños empleadas en policonsumidores/as asistentes a fiestas de música electrónica con diferentes patrones de PSS. Metodología: 214 policonsumidores/as de sustancias asistentes a fiestas de música electrónica (55.1% hombres, entre 18-59 años) completaron un cuestionario con preguntas sobre consumo de sus­tancias, efectos positivos y negativos experimentados y estrategias de reducción de daños empleadas ante el patrón de PSS reportado. Resultados: Se identificaron >30 patrones de PSS que difirieron cuantitativa y cualitativamente. Se identificaron 8, 7 y 5 categorías para efectos positivos, negativos y estrategias de protección, respectivamente. Algunos de los efectos y estrategias reportadas fueron más prevalentes en determinados patrones de PSS. Discu­sión: es importante profundizar en las estrategias de reducción de daños reportadas y no reportadas para diseñar campañas preventivas y de reducción de daños específicas y adecuadas para asistentes a fiestas de música electró­nica con diferentes patrones de PSS.

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2022-02-28

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Vera, B. del V., Musso, E., Caneto, F., Godoy, J. C., & Fernández Calderón, F. (2022). PATRONES DE POLICONSUMO SIMULTÁNEO DE SUSTANCIAS: EFECTOS POSITIVOS Y NEGATIVOS EXPERIMENTADOS Y ESTRATEGIAS DE REDUCCIÓN DE DAÑOS EMPLEADAS. Health and Addictions/Salud Y Drogas, 22(1), 268–287. https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v22i1.687

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