SALUD MENTAL, CAPITAL PSICOLÓGICO Y ADOPCIÓN DE PRÁCTICAS PREVENTIVAS ANTE LA COVID EN JÓVENES MENORES DE 30 AÑOS

SALUD MENTAL Y MEDIDAS DE CONTENCIÓN

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v22i1.649

Palabras clave:

Salud mental, jóvenes adultos, medidas de contención, covid

Resumen

Introducción: Estudios previos han mostrado efectos negativos de las medidas de contención sobre la salud mental de jóvenes.

Objetivos: Por ello, en este trabajo nos proponemos estudiar factores relacionados con el desarrollo de problemas de salud mental en jóvenes españoles menores de 30 años y predictores de la adopción de prácticas preventivas.

Metodología: Se diseño una encuesta online. La muestra estuvo formada por un total de 327 jóvenes. Los instru­mentos utilizados fueron el General Health Questionnaire y la Escala de Capital Psicológico. Asimismo, se recogieron datos acerca de la adhesión a las siguientes medidas: distancia social, uso de guantes, mascarilla, higiene de manos y confinamiento.

Resultados: Los resultados mostraron un alto malestar. El 99.6% presentó puntuaciones GHQ 3, mientras que el 52.7 % presentaron puntuaciones GHQ 6. Ser varón se asoció con peores niveles de salud mental y un menor cum­plimiento del total de las medidas. Asimismo, un mayor capital psicológico se asoció con una mejor salud mental.

Conclusiones: Los resultados apuntan a la necesidad de cuidar de la salud mental de los jóvenes durante la pande­mia, especialmente de los varones. Es posible que, programas dirigidos a promocionar el capital psicológico, mejo­ren la salud mental durante la pandemia.

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Publicado

2022-02-28

Cómo citar

Rodríguez, M., & Rodríguez, A. (2022). SALUD MENTAL, CAPITAL PSICOLÓGICO Y ADOPCIÓN DE PRÁCTICAS PREVENTIVAS ANTE LA COVID EN JÓVENES MENORES DE 30 AÑOS: SALUD MENTAL Y MEDIDAS DE CONTENCIÓN. Health and Addictions/Salud Y Drogas, 22(1), 199–213. https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v22i1.649