REVISIÓN SISTEMÁTICA: MODALIDADES DE TRATAMIENTO APLICADAS A LA ADICCIÓN/ABUSO DEL TELÉFONO MÓVIL (SMARTPHONE)

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v22i1.637

Palabras clave:

Adicción al móvil, Abuso del móvil, Adicciones comportamentales, Tratamiento, Revisión sistemática

Resumen

No existe consenso internacional sobre el carácter adictivo o no del uso excesivo del móvil, pero disponemos de un número ingente de estudios explorando su prevalencia, alta en todas las sociedades actuales. Este problema se aso­cia a graves consecuencias, por lo que es de esperar que se hayan ensayado modalidades de abordaje terapéutico. Este estudio es una revisión sistemática de los artículos que han aplicado algún tipo de tratamiento para la adicción/ abuso del smartphone. Se revisaron las bases de datos internacionales buscando artículos en inglés que utilizaran algún tipo de tratamiento. Finalmente, sólo dos artículos cumplían criterios. En ambos casos, se trata de estudios de baja calidad, imposibles de replicar, sin grupo de control aleatorizado y con pobres resultados. No existe corres­pondencia entre la magnitud del problema que se observa en la literatura científica y la respuesta asistencial que tal problema debería generar. Este es un argumento de quienes estiman inadecuada la consideración del uso excesivo o abusivo del smartphone como una conducta adictiva, puesto que las consecuencias para la persona y la sociedad no son en modo alguno equiparables. Se requieren estudios que propongan modalidades de tratamiento para las personas que han de recuperar el control sobre su conducta.

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Biografía del autor/a

Eduardo J. Pedrero Pérez, Madrid Salud.

Madrid Salud. Avenida del Mediterráneo, 62. 28007 Madrid (España)

 

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Publicado

2022-02-28

Cómo citar

Pedrero Pérez, E. J., Rojo-Mota, G., & Huertas-Hoyas, E. (2022). REVISIÓN SISTEMÁTICA: MODALIDADES DE TRATAMIENTO APLICADAS A LA ADICCIÓN/ABUSO DEL TELÉFONO MÓVIL (SMARTPHONE). Health and Addictions/Salud Y Drogas, 22(1), 122–131. https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v22i1.637

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