COVID-19 Y SU REPERCUSIÓN EN LAS ADICCIONES

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v21i1.582

Palabras clave:

adicciones, COVID-19, salud mental

Resumen

Objetivo. Indagar acerca de la literatura científica emergente a nivel internacional sobre la repercusión de la pandemia por COVID-19 en las adicciones. Metodología. La base de datos Web of Science se utilizó para analizar la literatura científica sobre la pandemia por COVID-19 y la influencia que ésta pueda tener en el ámbito de las adicciones. Resultados. Se identificaron 320 documentos, de los cuales 38 cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Sobresalieron tres problemáticas: el consumo de tabaco, opioides y alcohol. Según la literatura incipiente, entre los consumidores de opiáceos existe el riesgo de aumento de las sobredosis, así como un empeoramiento del binomio estrés-alcohol y un peor pronóstico de la enfermedad COVID-19 para los fumadores de tabaco. Destaca la preocupación por la disminución de servicios sanitarios focalizados en las adicciones y la salud mental. Conclusiones. La literatura es muy reciente y es necesaria más evidencia científica que arroje luz. Se pone de manifiesto la preocupación por el alcohol, opioides y tabaco, pero se constata la escasez de referencias a adicciones sin sustancia (nuevas tecnologías, juego online) o a los hipnóticos y las benzodiacepinas.

Biografía del autor/a

Andrea Sixto Costoya, Universitat de València

Becaria Formación Predoctoral

Rut Lucas Domínguez

Profesora Titular

Víctor Agulló Calatayud, Universitat de València

Profesor Titular

Citas

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2021-03-10

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