Un estudio preliminar de la eficacia de un programa de promoción de la salud sexual en adolescentes con padres divorciados

Alexandra Morales, Elena Carratalá, Mireia Orgilés, José P. Espada

Resumen


Competencias para adolescentes con una sexualidad saludable (COMPAS) es un programa escolar de educación sexual que ha demostrado ser efectivo para promocionar una sexualidad saludable en población general adolescente; sin embargo se desconocen sus efectos en colectivos con alto riesgo sexual, como son los adolescentes con padres divorciados. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la eficacia de COMPAS en una muestra de adolescentes españoles con padres divorciados. En este estudio con evaluación pretest-posttest participaron 69 adolescentes con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 17 años (M = 15.80; DT = 0.76), procedentes de 15 centros educativos de cinco provincias españolas. Cincuenta recibieron la intervención y 19 fueron asignados al grupo de control en lista de espera. En la evaluación posttest, los adolescentes que recibieron la intervención presentaron mayor nivel de conocimientos sobre el VIH/sida (p < 0.001, d = 0.97) y mostraron actitudes más favorables hacia aspectos relacionados con el VIH/sida (p < 0.01, d = 0.58), con respecto al grupo control. Se concluye que el programa COMPAS tiene un efecto positivo en variables relacionadas con una sexualidad saludable en adolescentes cuyos padres están divorciados. Futuros estudios deben explorar los efectos del programa a largo plazo en este colectivo.


Palabras clave


Prevención, intervención, salud sexual, adolescentes, divorcio

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Referencias


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