Alcohol drinking in pregnant women from an Argentinian city

Aldana Lichtenberger, Karina Conde, Raquel Inés Peltzer, María Ayelén Biscarra, Santiago Gonzáles, Mariana Cremonte

Resumen


Alcohol drinking during pregnancy might lead to detrimental consequences to the mother and fetus, being Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) the most severe. In many Latin-American countries, there is a paucity of information about prenatal exposure to alcohol. Aim. To estimate alcohol drinking in pregnant women and describe it concerning sociodemographic characteristics. Method. Data were collected from a random sample of women attending the public health care system (N=852) in 2016. Alcohol drinking, including binge drinking (BD), was evaluated before and after pregnancy recognition. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed. Results. While pregnant, two out of ten women reported drinking. Moreover, 2% engaged in BD and 3% presented indicators of alcohol dependence. BD before pregnancy was related to drinking during pregnancy and frequency, quantity, and BD before pregnancy with BD during pregnancy. Conclusions. Alcohol consumption in pregnant women was higher than the estimated for most Latin-American countries, and of the considered characteristics, was almost exclusively related to consumption patterns before pregnancy.


Palabras clave


alcohol; binge drinking; pregnant women; congenital abnormalities; Argentina

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v20i1.474

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Health and Addictions Journal/Revista Salud y Drogas
ISSN Impresión: 1578-5319
ISSN Electrónico: 1988-205X
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