Consumo de tabaco en pipa de agua en estudiantes españoles de secundaria y bachillerato de la provincia de Las Palmas

Pedro Jorge-Araujo, Milagros Torres-García, Pedro Saavedra-Santana, Carmen Navarro-Rodríguez

Resumen


Introducción. El consumo de tabaco en pipa de agua se extiende a nivel mundial especialmente entre adolescentes y jóvenes, conociéndose su distribución en diferentes países europeos, entre los que no figura España.

Objetivo. Identificar la prevalencia de su consumo en estudiantes canarios de educación secundaria obligatoria y bachillerato.

Método. Participaron 1770 alumnos de la provincia de Las Palmas. La muestra se obtuvo estratificando cada bloque académico por áreas geográficas, agrupando a los alumnos en tantos clusters como grupos había en el centro por cada uno de los cursos. El instrumento de recogida de datos fue un cuestionario ad hoc, realizándose un análisis descriptivo (SPSS 17.0 para Windows). Las proporciones se compararon utilizando el test de la χ2.

Resultados. La prevalencia de consumo (33.7%), es mayor entre las mujeres, los estudiantes de primero de Bachillerato y los que disponen de un presupuesto semanal superior a 5 euros, siendo el patrón más frecuente, mensual (43.3%), de fin de semana (89.4%) y en casa de amigos (46.9%) o en parques (38.2%).

Conclusión. La considerable prevalencia de este tipo de fumadores de tabaco hallada entre los adolescentes canarios alerta de una posible subestimación de la frecuencia de tabaquismo en los adolescentes de nuestro país.


Palabras clave


adolescentes; patrón de consumo; pipa de agua; prevalencia; tabaco

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v17i1.296

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v17i1.296.g285

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